Does This Stumble You? | Part 1

The Crisis in Capernaum

The previous day, Jesus had fed a crowd of about 5,000 with just 5 loaves of bread and 2 small fish. (John 6:1-13) Many of those who ate and were satisfied went looking for Jesus the next day, following him in their boats across the sea of Galilee to Capernaum.

“When they found him on the other side of the lake, they asked him, “Rabbi, when did you get here?” Jesus answered, “Very truly I tell you, you are looking for me, not because you saw the signs I performed but because you ate the loaves and had your fill. Do not work for food that spoils, but for food that endures to eternal life, which the Son of Man will give you. For on him God the Father has placed his seal of approval.”
– John 6:25-27

These Jews were impressed to follow Jesus, not because of his teachings, but because Jesus had satisfied some material need.  Jesus wanted more from his followers.  He wanted them to look beyond the flesh and reach out for spiritual realities.  However, these Jews did not understanding Jesus’ intention.  Instead, they asked him what fleshly works they could perform to gain the Father’s favor:

“Then they asked him, “What must we do to do the works God requires?” Jesus answered, “The work of God is this: to believe in the one he has sent.”
– John 6:28-29

Jesus here reiterated that he was speaking of spiritual things.  But again they dragged his words back to earth:

“So they asked him, “What sign then will you give that we may see it and believe you? What will you do? Our ancestors ate the manna in the wilderness; as it is written: ‘He gave them bread from heaven to eat.’”
– John 6:30-31

Seeing that they were not getting his point, Jesus changed his tactic and used their own illustration as a means to get through to them:

“Jesus said to them, “Very truly I tell you, it is not Moses who has given you the bread from heaven, but it is my Father who gives you the true bread from heaven. For the bread of God is the bread that comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.” “Sir,” they said, “always give us this bread.” Then Jesus declared, “I am the bread of life. Whoever comes to me will never go hungry, and whoever believes in me will never be thirsty. But as I told you, you have seen me and still you do not believe. All those the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never drive away. For I have come down from heaven not to do my will but to do the will of him who sent me. And this is the will of him who sent me, that I shall lose none of all those he has given me, but raise them up at the last day. For my Father’s will is that everyone who looks to the Son and believes in him shall have eternal life, and I will raise them up at the last day.”
– John 6:32-40

In spite of this effort, these fleshly-minded Jews still did not get the point.  They were not open to a spiritual message.  Their reply showed that their interest in Jesus’ teachings was minimal at best.  Instead of seeking to understand Jesus’ words, they used his words as an opportunity to prove themselves more righteous than Jesus, intimating that he was either lying or delusional:

“At this the Jews there began to grumble about him because he said, “I am the bread that came down from heaven.” They said, “Is this not Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How can he now say, ‘I came down from heaven’?”
– John 6:41-42

By this time, Jesus was beginning to grow tired of their resistance.  Yet he made another attempt to explain his words by means of their illustration:

“Stop grumbling among yourselves,” Jesus answered. “No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws them, and I will raise them up at the last day. It is written in the Prophets: ‘They will all be taught by God.’ Everyone who has heard the Father and learned from him comes to me. No one has seen the Father except the one who is from God; only he has seen the Father. Very truly I tell you, the one who believes has eternal life. I am the bread of life. Your ancestors ate the manna in the wilderness, yet they died. But here is the bread that comes down from heaven, which anyone may eat and not die. I am the living bread that came down from heaven. Whoever eats this bread will live forever. This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.”
– John 6:43-51

Instead of hearing the spirit of Jesus’ words that he is the living bread, the Jews dug their resistant heels in further by making a ridiculous literal interpretation:

“Then the Jews began to argue sharply among themselves, “How can this man give us his flesh to eat?”
– John 6:52

Of all that Jesus said, these Jews heard only what they wanted to hear.  Like so many people today, they heard only what they could use to get out of the responsibility of worshiping with spirit and truth. (John 4:24) 

Seeing that these Jews were not rightly disposed to truth, Jesus boldly used their own words to make his point.  He wanted to draw out the true intentions of those who were listening so that only those whose spirit drew them to the Father (John 6:43) would gain entrance into the kingdom of the heavens:

“Jesus said to them, “Very truly I tell you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise them up at the last day. For my flesh is real food and my blood is real drink. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me, and I in them. Just as the living Father sent me and I live because of the Father, so the one who feeds on me will live because of me. This is the bread that came down from heaven. Your ancestors ate manna and died, but whoever feeds on this bread will live forever.” He said this while teaching in the synagogue in Capernaum.”
– John 6:53-59

And the response from some was just as he expected:

“On hearing it, many of his disciples said, “This is a hard teaching. Who can accept it?”
– John 6:60

This one “shocking” phrase was more powerful to these fleshly minded Jews than all the words of life and truth that Jesus had previously taught them.  Yet, Jesus did not consider this to be a loss for the kingdom.  Instead, he used this as an opportunity to expand the horizons of the  disciples whose minds were disposed to truth:

“Aware that his disciples were grumbling about this, Jesus said to them, “Does this offend you? Then what if you see the Son of Man ascend to where he was before!"
– John 6:61-62

Here, Jesus was telling them that if they could not comprehend something as simple as an illustration that was clearly explained, how could they possibly understand a spiritual reality when they come face-to-face with it.  He was teaching them to open their minds to possibilities beyond their current understanding so that they can receive even greater truths.  He went on:

“The Spirit gives life; the flesh counts for nothing. The words I have spoken to you—they are full of the Spirit and life. Yet there are some of you who do not believe.” For Jesus had known from the beginning which of them did not believe and who would betray him. He went on to say, “This is why I told you that no one can come to me unless the Father has enabled them.”
– John 6:63-65

Jesus was not saying that the Father selects which ones can come to Jesus.  That would mean the Father is partial, which we know He is not.  (Romans 2:11; Acts 10:34-35) Jesus was saying that those who come to him must come on the terms set forth by the Father – with spirit and truth (John 4:24), being led by spirit. (Romans 8:14)

So while this occasion caused many who were not spirit led to become manifest, his true disciples were not stumbled:

“From this time many of his disciples turned back and no longer followed him. “You do not want to leave too, do you?” Jesus asked the Twelve. Simon Peter answered him, “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life. We have come to believe and to know that you are the Holy One of God.”
– John 6:66-69

Jesus’ true followers were not stumbled.  They recognized that Jesus had taught them so much, especially that they had been given everlasting life. (John 6:47)

Jesus taught that the Law Covenant mediated by Moses had come to an end, along with its burdensome customs.  (Matthew 5:17; Romans 10:4)  He taught that men were no longer servants or slaves of God, but faith sons of the Father of All.  (Galatians 3:26) He taught that mankind was a brotherhood (Matthew 23:8); that we should love not only our family and our neighbors, but also our enemies (Matthew 5:43-44); and so many other things.  In fact, practically everything Jesus taught was new and revolutionary.  And those who could not put up with his teachings were left behind.


Scroll to Top